Eye Tests for Older Individuals | Long Island Eye Doctor
All too often older individuals don’t realize the important of regular eye exams. This eventually leads to poor vision from age-related changes to the eye and ultimately affects their quality and enjoyment of life. It may be hard to believe, but even a couple of months late on your eye exam can make a huge difference in catching a disease in its early stages, preventing early treatment and resulting in vision loss.
Eye Tests for older Individuals
On a regular basis, there are several tests that should be conducted on older eyes. These tests include:
- Visual Field (side vision)
- Eye Pressure
- Slit Lamp (microscope)
- Dilated Retinal Exam
Each of these tests is crucial on a regular basis to provide your eye doctor with important information about how your eyes function. Here’s a little bit more about each of the tests to help you get an idea of what they help your optometrist to see.
- Visual Field (side vision) – This is a way optometrists can watch for the development of glaucoma, which is a leading cause of blindness and generally has no early symptoms. The eye disease can only be caught early with proficient and early testing. Visual field testing also offers eye doctors the ability to look for strokes, aneurysms, brain tumors and other brain-related diseases that are older people often experience.
- Eye Pressures – This is another way to watch for the eye disease glaucoma.
- Refraction – This checks for vision changes and can indicate possible development of cataracts, diabetes and thyroid-related problems. All of these conditions can greatly affect your eyesight and may eventually result in double vision, nearsightedness, dry eyes and poor night vision.
- Slit Lamp (microscope) – This helps the optometrist to detect dry eye, pterygium or pingueculae (bumps or lumps on the cornea and sclera), corneal dystrophies as well as eyelid disease.
- Dilated Retinal Exam – A number of health diseases and problems can be found with a dilated exam. This exam aids in the detection of glaucoma, can provided the optometrist with a clear view the macula to see signs of macular degeneration and the presence of diabetes. Luckily, this exam is inexpensive and painless for the patient.
Get Your Eye Exams Today!
Problems with your vision can ultimately begin at any age. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 88% of older Americans have vision problems, most of which are related not only to the need for eyeglasses, but include one or more eye disease issues. Age-related diseases that can cause problems with vision and ultimately vision loss include glaucoma, cataracts, macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. If you experience any decrease in vision, double vision, eye pain, redness of the eye, drainage of the eye, flashes of light, halos surrounding light sources, floating specks of light, or if you have diabetes, you need to schedule an immediate comprehensive eye exam with your eye doctor. Early detection and treatment can greatly reduce your risk of complete vision loss.